Recovery

GETTING BACK INTO YOUR LIFE AFTER A HEART ATTACK

How soon can I return to my regular activities?

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The amount of activity you can do after a heart attack will depend on the condition of your heart. Your doctor will help you develop a recovery plan. Most people can return to work and the activities they enjoy within a few months of having a heart attack. Others may have to limit their activity if the heart muscle is very weak.

You will need to start slowly. For the first few days after your heart attack, you may need to rest and let your heart heal. As your heart heals, you’ll be ready to start moving around again. A few days after your heart attack, your doctor may want you to move around more. You may do stretching exercises and get up and walk. You’ll then slowly become more active based on advice from your doctor.

Once you’re through the early period after a heart attack, your doctor may talk to you about how to be active within your limits. Your doctor will probably want you to do an exercise test (also called a stress test). During this test, your doctor will ask you to exercise (usually walking on a treadmill) while he or she monitors your heart. Based on the results, your doctor will develop an exercise plan for you.

How can I improve my recovery?
Your doctor may recommend that you get involved in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Cardiac rehabilitation programs are supervised by exercise specialists. Many hospitals sponsor these programs to get people started with a safe level of exercise after a heart attack. After a while, you’ll probably be able to exercise on your own. But if you have any of the symptoms listed in the box below, call your doctor. You may be working too hard.
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EXERCISE ALERT!
Call your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms during exercise:
hamdulay heart foundation Shortness of breath for more than about 10 minutes
hamdulay heart foundation Chest pain or pain in your arms, neck, jaw or stomach
hamdulay heart foundation Dizzy spells
hamdulay heart foundation Pale or splotchy skin
hamdulay heart foundation Very fast heart beat or an irregular heart beat
hamdulay heart foundation Cold sweats
hamdulay heart foundation Nausea and vomiting
hamdulay heart foundation Weakness or fainting
hamdulay heart foundation Swelling or pain in your legs

Why is exercise so important?
Exercise strengthens your heart muscle. It can also boost your energy and your mood, help you feel more in control of your health and help you lose weight and keep it off. Exercise may also lower your blood pressure and improve your cholesterol levels as well as improve sleep.What kind of exercise is good?
The best types of exercise are those that involve your whole body, such as walking, cycling, jogging, cross-country skiing or swimming. Your doctor or rehabilitation therapists may also prescribe activities to increase your strength and flexibility.
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RISK FACTORS FOR ANOTHER HEART ATTACK
Taking charge of the things that put you at risk for another heart attack can help you feel better and reduce your risk of future problems. The following factors can put you at risk for another heart attack:
hamdulay heart foundation Not exercising
hamdulay heart foundation Alcohol in excessive amounts
hamdulay heart foundation Being overweight or obese
hamdulay heart foundation High cholesterol level
hamdulay heart foundation High blood sugar level if you have diabetes
hamdulay heart foundation High blood pressure
hamdulay heart foundation Smoking
hamdulay heart foundation Too much stress in your life

How often should I exercise?
This depends on your exercise plan. You’ll probably start slowly and gradually add to your routine. Your doctor may want you to exercise 3 or 4 times a week for about 10 to 30 minutes at a time. Be sure to warm up before exercising, for example by walking at a comfortable pace for 5 minutes or more.

What can I do to speed my recovery and stay healthy?
Your doctor will probably recommend that you make some changes in your diet, such as cutting back on fat and cholesterol and watching how much salt you eat. If you smoke, you will have to quit. Your doctor may also suggest that you learn better ways to deal with stress, such as time management, relaxation training and deep breathing.

When can I go back to work?
Most people go back to work within 1 to 3 months after having a heart attack. The amount of time you are off from work depends on the condition of your heart and how strenuous or stressful your work is. You may have to make some changes in how you do your job or you may have to change jobs, at least for a short time, if your job is too hard on your heart.

What about sex?
You can probably start having sex again in 3 to 4 weeks after your heart attack. As with other types of activity, you may need to start out slowly and work your way back into your normal patterns.

Don’t be afraid of sex because of your heart attack. Try different positions if one position seems to make you uncomfortable. Let your partner be on top to reduce the amount of energy you use during sex. Talk with your doctor if you or your partner have any concerns.

What is a “MET?”
You may hear your doctor talk about METs when he or she discusses your activity level. METs stands for “metabolic equivalents.” Different activities are assigned different MET levels depending on how much energy they take to do (see below). The higher the MET level, the more energy the activity takes. Your doctor may ask you to avoid activities that take more than 3 or 3.5 METs right after your heart attack.

MET Activities

Sitting in a chair 1.0
Sweeping the floor 1.5
Driving a car 2.0
Ironing 3.5
Showering 3.5
Bowling 3.5
Sex 3.7-5.0
Golfing 4.0
Gardening 4.5
Playing tennis 6.0
Lawn mowing 6.5
Shoveling 7.0
Skiing 8.0

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